The concept behind equity income is simple – if a company does well and profits grow, then it can pay out a bigger dividend. The opposite is true of course, and dividends can be cut or suspended altogether. This is where investing via a collective fund, such as an OEIC (open ended investment company), unit trust or investment trust comes into its own. By investing in a diversified portfolio, a dividend cut from one company will have a much reduced impact on the income generated, compared with holding the stock directly. There are a good number of investment trusts which haven’t cut their dividend in over twenty years, and City of London hasn’t cut in fifty years. A particular benefit investment trusts have is that they can build reserves over time, and this can be used to maintain or increase income when there is a period of reduced dividend payments, such as during a recession. Inflation protection is another significant benefit of income generated by equities. Quality collective income funds invariably increase their annual dividend by an amount greater than inflation, which means investors receive a growing real income. Whilst this ability to outpace inflation is not unique to equity income, asset classes like fixed interest (generally) don’t have this feature. Some years ago equity income was centred on UK stocks, but in the past 15-20 years the benefit of paying dividends has spread around the world. Equity income funds are now available in all markets globally, which enables diversification geographically providing greater flexibility and options when constructing portfolios. As for the current yield on these investments, they range from 2.5% to over 4.25%, attractive against deposit rates and many fixed interest stocks.
In some ways investing for equity income is the perfect strategy – investors receive income, there is good potential for capital growth, there is inflation protection and a growing real income. And to cap it off, if taking the income isn’t required today, income can be reinvested compounding returns.